Why is 'the ability to know what you are losing' the determining factor in whether you have the right to live or die? Well, again, it goes back to the enlightenment's mechanistic approach to the world. Objects are valuable insofar as the function as a mechanism. Since we all already know that each human being is really reducible to complex interactions between cells and ultimately atoms which produces, somehow, the complex mysterious structure of consciousness, and since only conscious beings “care” about their rights, then an unconscious being maybe treated like the machine that it is, even if it will be entirely viable in the future. The reason that the Aristotelian/Thomistic and, dare I say common sense, view would counter this, is simply because it recognizes final causality, the idea that objects have imminent finality or something towards which they are oriented. the achievement of that thing toward which they are oriented is what is “good” and the further away an object gets from its perfection/ or final cause is bad. It is always good for living things to…well, live.
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